Cybersecurity is the state or process of protecting and recovering computer systems, networks, devices, and programs from damage or compromise by hostile computer software and hardware.
The aim is to protect an organization from the harm done by such programs or devices by restricting access and preventing malicious use.
For a computer to be considered secure, it must have security features that control access to computer files, data, programs, and services; prevent unauthorized access to the system; detect malicious, fraudulent, or unintended use of the system; and ensure that unauthorized changes are not made to the system.
Network Security and the Internet
Network security refers to the security of the networks that connect computers together to share information and data, and the security of the connections that systems use to communicate with each other.
Network security systems implement mechanisms that protect systems, networks, and devices from unauthorized access to computer data or network resources. In addition, network security systems establish and maintain security policies that protect users’ ability to use network resources. Visit https://www.fortinet.com/solutions/enterprise-midsize-business/network-access to get all the necessary details about network security.
Host-based Security and IP Security
Host-based security is an online security system in which an administrator uses a centralized security system to set up user accounts, set restrictions on access, establish policies, and deploy an operating system and software for the users of the system.
IP security is the security of computer systems and networks through the use of a physical or virtual private network (VPN). This ensures that data remains secure and is not interrupted if it is sent through the network, even if it travels over public computers. This ensures that traffic is protected from intrusion or disclosure when it traverses the Internet.
Anti-Virus, Spyware, and Malware
Antivirus software scans your computer for viruses. Spyware software scours your computer for unwanted applications that are used to monitor or spy on you. Malware, or potentially unwanted programs, is unwanted programs that are used to attack your computer and steal your personal information.
When faced with an attack, anti-virus software usually tries to prevent the infection before it gets to the main operating system. Spyware and malware programs look for and steal information by hijacking the information you receive through e-mail, file transfer, or other forms of communication.